Help your clients prepare for that bon voyage by letting them know how they can travel and use Medicare
InvestmentNews,Jun 8, 2015 @ 4:03 pm
Summer is almost upon us and so is travel season. Travel is one of the great rewards people look forward to in retirement. That fabulous trip to a new destination or a familiar one is a long-term goal for many.
One of the questions I am asked frequently is, "How does my Medicare work when I travel?" The first thing folks need to know in order to answer that question is what type or "flavor" of Medicare they have. Generally speaking, there are two types of Medicare. They either have:
* "Original" Medicare, which includes Medicare Part A for hospital care, Part B for outpatient services and Part D for prescriptions. Many times they also have a Medigap plan for supplemental coverage.
* Medicare Part C, which I call the "combo" plan because it combines Medicare Parts A, B, usually D and some supplemental coverage into one package.
Medicare health care benefits while traveling vary between the flavors. The benefits also differ depending on if the travel is domestic or foreign.
Original Medicare allows for very flexible travel in the case of a medical emergency as well as routine health care services all over the 50 U.S. states and in Washington, D.C., Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa and the Northern Mariana Islands. Given that there are no health provider networks involved in original Medicare, beneficiaries can use their Medicare to pay for care at any facility that accepts Medicare nationwide.
If the person also has a Medigap plan, that can also be used in conjunction with original Medicare anywhere in the U.S. Medigap is not network dependent. Therefore, the beneficiary can use Medigap to reimburse standard Medicare copayments and coinsurance from any provider who accepts Medicare.
Medigap has 11 different levels of coverage. Medigap Plans C, D, F, G, M, and N pay 80% of medically necessary emergency care outside the U.S. after meeting a $250 annual deductible. While several types of Medigap plans offer foreign emergency benefits, Medigap Plan F includes the most extensive payment for various types of Medicare copayments. A foreign travel emergency is covered if it begins during the first 60 days of the trip and if Medicare doesn't otherwise cover the care. Medigap foreign travel medical emergency benefits have a $50,000 lifetime limit.
Combo Medicare can be used anywhere in the United States and its territories for a true medical emergency. Beyond that, most combo plans offer maximum benefits for in-network care. With combo plans, beneficiaries can use any emergency room for a true medical emergency, but if they need urgent care they will get the best bang for their buck by going to an in network center. They can easily determine what providers are in network by either calling the customer service number on the back of their insurance card or by looking at the plan website for in-network health care services. Very few combo Medicare plans offer any foreign travel medical emergency coverage. For those that do, the dollar amounts are very limited.
Medicare may pay for health care services in a foreign hospital if the person is:
* In the U.S. experiencing a medical emergency and the foreign hospital is closer than the nearest U.S. hospital.
* Traveling through Canada by the most direct route between Alaska and another U.S. state when a medical emergency occurs, and the Canadian hospital is closer than the nearest U.S. hospital.
* Living in the U.S. and the foreign hospital is closer to their home than the nearest U.S. hospital that can treat their medical condition, regardless of whether it's an emergency.
By the way, under certain limited conditions, Medicare will even pay for services on a cruise ship.
Medicare's prescription drug coverage, whether as part of a combo plan or original Medicare, is fairly flexible when traveling through the U.S. and the territories. All Medicare prescription drug plans involve networks. The best cost for any medication will be at a preferred or in-network pharmacy. As I mentioned earlier, folks can call customer service or check out the plan website for covered pharmacies.
A word to the wise is to consider recommending that your clients purchase medical evacuation insurance, particularly if they are traveling to exotic locations or have complex medical conditions. Neither Medicare nor Medigap pay for medical evacuation, which can run in excess of $100,000. Travel services are a good source of that type of insurance.
Help your clients prepare for that bon voyage by giving them the gift of knowledge about how to travel well and use Medicare.